Santa Maria de Guadalupe Basilica



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(55) 5118 0500

How to get

Plaza de las Américas #1, Col. Villa de Guadalupe. 07050, Villa de Guadalupe

in detail

In prehispanic times, in Cerro del Tepeyac, godess Chalchiuhtlicue, Matlalcueye or Tonantzin, the mother of all gods, was adorated. When Hernán Cortés arrived at Tenochtitlán, Capitain Gonzalo Sandoval camped in the religious place, with this event the beginning of Mexica’s spiritual conquest would start.

Mexican tradition indicates that Virgen de Guadalupe appeared for the first time to Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin on 9th December 1531. The deity appeared in front of Juan Diego in four occasions in Cerro del Tepeyac. Virgen de Guadalupe asked Juan Diego in her fourth appearance to collect roses in his poncho (ayate) so to give them to Bishop Juan de Zumárraga with the aim of building a temple in that place, indicating the start of devotion to Virgen de Guadalupe.

Virgen de Guadalupe appeared in Juan Diego’s poncho. The image is the cult motive of most Mexicans. Santa Maria de Guadalupe Basilica is the second most visited religious place in the world with 30 millions of parishioners and 10 millions of tourists (Mexicans and foreigners) each year. The day we celebrate the virgen is on 12nd December.

Basilica is a recent construction which dates from 1974 and was in charge of architects José Luis Benlliure, Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, Alejandro Schoenhofer, Bishop Gabriel Chávez de la Mora and Javier García Lascuráin. It is a circular place without any columns, what allows us to see the image of Virgen de Guadalupe from every point in its interior whose measures may host until 10,000 people.

The new building substituted the old basilica, nowadays Templo expiatorio de San Cristo Rey, which suffered severe damages for centuries as well as severe subsidence. In addition to this, it did not have the capacity to host the many pilgrims that arrive there.

Cerro del Tepeyac or Villa de Guadalupe is composed of a complex of religious precincts besides Basílica, such as Capilla de Indios, Capilla del Cerrito, Cementerio del Tepeyac, Capilla del Pocito, Templo and an antique convent of Capuchinas, the abovementioned Templo Expiatorio de Cristo Rey and Plaza Mariana.

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